Frog hopping.

frog and toad

Great hoppers!
poison frog


All continents except Antarctica
All continents except Antarctica
Endangered Status

Some Endangered


.39 to 13.5
inches in length
A pencil is 7.5 inches long.
Average frog size compared to a pencil.
meat, more

Most frogs and toads eat insects, spiders, worms, and slugs. Some of the larger species chow down on mice, birds, and even other small reptiles and amphibians.

rainforests & more

Frogs and toads live in habitats such as rainforest, wetlands, mountains, deserts, and more.


To with light green, warty skin.

Land, water, and trees

The world holds a wonderful variety of frog species, each adapted to living in its unique habitat, be it cool mountain slopes, scorching deserts, or tropical rainforests. Depending on the species, they may be found in water, on land, or in trees, and come in many sizes and colors.

Toad with warty skin.

Frogs are toads, but toads aren't frogs

Frogs often have long legs that are good for hopping, skin that is smooth and moist, and special pads on their toes that help them climb. Toads, on the other hand, are heavier with shorter legs, and usually have drier skin, often with warty-looking bumps. Frogs are more likely to live in or near water than toads. The word "frog" can include both frogs and toads, as some frogs may not live near water and some toads have smooth skin.

Toxic frog in the rainforest.

Don't touch!

Can you get warts from holding a toad? No! But you can die from holding a frog—if it's a poison frog! Some of these bright little South American frogs are so toxic that one drop of their skin secretions can kill an adult human. But don’t worry: these toxins would need to enter the bloodstream to cause us harm—and additionally, the poison frogs in zoos are typically nontoxic because they don’t eat the rainforest insects that produce those toxins.

Oriental fire-bellied toad on a rock.

Colors of survival

Adult frogs and toads have two main color schemes. Each one signals a different survival technique. Those with bright colors (like poison frogs) advertise their presence and warn potential predators that their skin is toxic. Those with mottled green or brown colors are camouflaged so predators have a hard time finding them. Some species employ both strategies, such as the Oriental fire-bellied toad, which is green on top but red on the bottom.

Cane toad sitting in grass.

Frog appetites

Most frogs and toads eat insects, spiders, worms, and slugs. Some of the larger species chow down on mice, birds, and even other small reptiles and amphibians. Frogs and toads are responsible for keeping a large part of the world's insect population under control. In some cases, however, their appetites can be a problem. Latin American cane toads were introduced to Australia in 1935 to kill sugarcane beetles. But instead of beetles, the toads preferred to eat native frogs, small marsupials, and snakes.


True or False: Colorful frogs are poisonous.


True or False: All frogs live in water, and all toads live on land.