Jacaranda

Jacaranda

Purple rains down
Type
plants

Plants

Area
South America

South America

Endangered Status

Threatened

facts

size
to 40 feet
tall (and 30 feet wide)
jacaranda
habitat
dry mountain valleys
dry mountain valleys

description

Shady lanes

Jacarandas are popular shade and street trees in mild climates. They originated in dry mountain valleys of Argentina and Bolivia. Lacy jacaranda leaves look a bit like ferns, with small leaflets arranged in rows. ln late spring or early summer, the leaves drop.

Flower-filled canopy

After its leaves drop, foot-long clusters of inch-long tubular flowers burst forth at the tips of every branch. Soon, the lavender-blue flowers cover the tree. For about eight weeks, the blossoms lure bees and birds with their nectar. Then they fall, carpeting the ground beneath the tree with color.

The next generation

As the fallen flowers fade, green leaves sprout on the branches again. As the leaves do their job—turning sunlight into energy—they nourish the next generation of jacarandas: seeds. Tough, flattened, oval seedpods are about two inches long. Bright green at first, they dry and turn brown. After about a year, they split open. The papery, winged seeds inside flutter out and spin as they are whisked away by the breeze.